|Title||Shell Flower Bouquet|
|Object Name||Bouquet, Floral|
Shell flowers. Bouquet of flowers handcrafted from hundreds of small round shells. Some of the shells have been painted red to resemble roses. Others are painted green to resemble leaves. The remaining shells are white. The stem is made from metal wire and is covered with paper.
Made by Kisa Iseri in a Japanese internment camp during World War II, likely made in Tule Lake Relocation Center. Tule Lake was near a shell bed. Internees dug as deep as four feet into the earth to retrieve shells like these. After gathering, sifting, and sorting, the shells would be washed and bleached in a weak chlorine solution, then assembled and arranged into countless compositions. The experience of internment was a common one among families of Japanese ancestry during World War II. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 on February 12, 1942, which resulted in the forcible internment of 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry. E. O. 9066 was rescinded in 1944, and the last of the camps was closed in March 1946.
|Credit line||White River Valley Museum Collection, Gift of Mae Yamada.|